> Paper Abstracts


Sunday 9 June 2019

16:00 - 20:00 : Pre-registration

Monday 10 June 2019

08:30 - 09:30 : Networking & Coffee

Enhancing Future Traffic Safety with Advanced Technologies, a Multimodal Perspective

In keeping with the conference theme (Technology: Enabling a Safer Tomorrow), the plenary session would discuss what panelists see as key future technologies for enhancing traffic safety in the light vehicle, commercial vehicle, transit, and infrastructure sectors.

12:00 - 13:00 : Lunch

13:00 - 14:30 : Plenary Sessions


TRACK A: What happens when everyone has a high tech vehicle?

Room: Dome

Panel will identify and discuss issues that may rise in importance when most vehicles sold are "high tech" in terms of sensors, technologies, automation and connectivity. What are the implications for maintenance, calibration, scaling (e.g. radar interference), cybersecurity, training, infrastructure? In addition participants will discuss what is needed to facilitate a vision of full or nearly full deployment of advanced technology features.

TRACK B: Getting there safely together - the interaction of human and machine

Room: Dome

Panel will discuss how human-vehicle interaction will change and evolve as vehicles become more automated and connected.

18:30 - 20:30 : Welcome Reception @ Evoluon


Tuesday 11 June 2019

08:00 - 08:30 : Networking & Coffee

TRACK A: Protection of Vulnerable Road Users

Chair: Anders Lie, Sweden
Co-Chair: Yasuhiro Matsui, Japan
Room: Neptune

Protection of children, pedestrians, and cyclists from injury due to crashes continues to attract worldwide attention. For children, test procedures for assessing child restraint system side impact performance and ease-of-use, use of child dummies in consumer vehicle test programmes, and new research into rear seat performance in crashes has raised considerable attention to child safety issues. Papers for the child safety portion of this session should focus on these issues, methods, or data that can further the protection of children in vehicles. Pedestrian and cyclist protection has been the focus of research worldwide in recent years. Much progress has been made in this area but additional challenges remain. Attention has also been placed on improving the frontal structure of passenger vehicles to mitigate head injuries as well as lower extremity injuries. Many consumer metric programs have implemented rating systems to encourage deployment of these crash mitigation solutions. Despite these efforts, pedestrian safety continues to be a severe problem in several countries. For this session, papers are invited that focus on crashworthiness solutions being designed and offered to address the many issues faced by children, pedestrians, cyclists, and other vulnerable road users.

TRACK B: Safety Performance in Frontal and Rear Crashes

Chair: Youghan Youn, Republic of Korea
Co-Chair: Stephen Summers, United States
Room: Philips Hall

Despite reductions in overall crash-related death and injury, frontal impacts continue to result in the highest numbers of fatalities and injuries. Rear-end crashes continue to be the most frequent crashes. Car and truck manufacturers have achieved significant improvement in crash protection over the last four decades, however new test requirements continue to challenge occupant safety in frontal and rear-end crashes. Changing vehicle fleet characteristics in response to new fuel efficiency requirements challenges manufacturers to seek new materials and manufacturing methods to manage crash energy while reducing mass. The session will examine how vehicle and crash characteristics affect restraint design and overall occupant safety. Papers are invited that discuss safety issues for frontal and rear crash protection that are being investigated through modelling, testing or data analysis. Session papers may also include various aspects of frontal crash compatibility, full frontal and oblique safety countermeasures, test devices, test procedures, and performance requirements.

TRACK C: Crash Avoidance: Driving Automation Systems Level 0, 1 and 2. Product Evolution, Evaluation and Real-World Deployment Challenges

Chair: Dr Jost Gail, Germany
Co-Chair: Robert Kreeb, United States
Room: Dome

Driving automation system levels 0, 1 and 2 are continuing to advance in both capability and market share with systems proliferating across product lines from luxury to value-focused brands - and even becoming standard equipment in some models. Level 0 systems include longitudinal and lateral warning systems (such as forward and rear collision warning, lane and roadway departure, and blind-spot warning), automatic emergency braking, dynamic brake support, lane keeping assist, and automatic rear braking. Level 1 systems feature driving assistance systems such as adaptive cruise control, lane centering (but not both simultaneously). Such systems are combined in level 2 driving automation to provide even greater driving automation features. Developing and deploying these systems in today's marketplace, however, often involves balancing safety performance, customer acceptance, cost and vehicle integration considerations. Vehicle manufacturers and suppliers are examining advanced driving systems (ADAS) and other driving automation technologies to balance desired system attributes while avoiding potential negative consequences (such as distraction, false positives, or over-reliance), while achieving necessary customer and market acceptance through system performance calibration. In parallel, regulators and safety advocacy organisations are working to develop objective test procedures, better understand relationships between test track performance and real-world effectiveness, and estimate benefits of each technology in isolation and when integrated into holistic systems. Papers are invited on research for ADAS levels 0, 1, and 2 in the following areas: system development tools and methods; balancing design trade-offs to meet customer satisfaction and safety goals; deployment, customer education and maintenance considerations; performance demands and sensor selection and integration; controlled test procedures and performance ratings; evaluating real-world customer use and satisfaction; long-term adaptation and reliance issues; estimates of potential safety benefits; as well as other vehicle integration, testing, performance rating, future product development and customer use considerations.

Lunch speaker

Bicycle/Pedestrian Interaction with Automobiles - Netherlands Perspective
Lunch speaker discusses Netherlands experience with pedestrian/bicyclist interaction with vehicles and shares some lessons learned and best practices

TRACK A: Biomechanics: Advances in Experimental and Mathematical Biomechanics and Human Injury Research

Chair: Matthew Craig, United States
Co-Chair: Rainer Hoffmann, Germany
Room: Neptune

The study of human injuries associated with motor vehicle crashes begins with detailed field data analysis to support an enhanced understanding of the factors associated with injury outcomes.
Given field data observations related to injury causation and associated injury mechanisms, there is frequently a need for the development and application of physical and mathematical tools such as advanced test dummies and detailed mathematical models of humans. This technical session seeks papers that address: (1) advances in assessing patterns and causation of injuries in real-world cases; (2) experimental and analytical studies addressing human response and injury mechanisms; (3) collection/application of new experimental or geometric data in the development of human body models or advanced test dummies including considerations for human variability in anthropometry, stature, age, and injury tolerance; (4) application of accident reconstruction methods that account for variability in anthropometry, posture, response, and injury tolerance; and (5) application of human body models in the development of advanced/adaptive vehicle safety systems.

TRACK B: Safety Performance in Side Impact and Rollover Crashes

Chair: Thomas Belcher, Australia
Co-Chair: Suzanne Tylko, Canada
Room: Philips Hall

Side-impact crashes continue to account for a significant percentage of crash fatalities and injuries worldwide. The introduction of improved side-impact test dummies and instrumentation will continue to challenge vehicles' responses in side-impact crashes. Additionally, while advanced vehicle control and safety technologies have been introduced into a large segment of the new vehicle fleet, rollover-related deaths still represent a significant portion of the overall fatalities. This session invites papers related to understanding considerations behind new test dummies, performance measures, and the changing worldwide crash environment. The session may also discuss countermeasures to reduce the occupant risk of injury in side-impact and rollover crashes.

TRACK C: Crash Avoidance: Automated Driving Systems Levels 3, 4 and 5: Product Evolution, Evaluation and Real-World Deployment Challenges

Chair: Riender Happee, Netherlands
Co-Chair: Professor Kyongsu Yi, Republic of Korea
Room: Dome

Automated Driving Systems could become one of the most exciting and important innovations in transportation history. Significant research, development, and testing activities are ongoing worldwide to facilitate their safe deployment. Approaches to building public acceptance, trust, and confidence remain some of the most important challenges. This session invites papers related to new safety metrics; system performance testing and evaluation approaches including utility of track, simulation, and on-road testing; next-generation test tools and methods to perform tightly coordinated multi-vehicle scenario tests safely; approaches to addressing the challenges associated with handling a variety and volumes of driving data; approaches to identifying minimum datasets and data trigger points to validate assumptions and confirm performance expectations; approaches to assessing the common sub-functions of driving automation, such as localisation, perception, prediction, path planning, etc. independently. This session may also discuss topics such as minimum risk conditions, the notion of "takeover-readiness" for Level 3 systems, and holistic approaches to understanding the intersection of mobility and safety impacts of ADS.

Wednesday 12 June 2019

08:00 - 08:30 : Networking & Coffee

TRACK A: Biomechanics: Advances in Crash Test Dummies, Instrumentation and Data Analysis

Chair: Philippe Vezin, France
Co-Chair: Dr Kevin Moorhouse, United States
Room: Neptune

New or improved crash test dummies are continuously being developed for various crash mode applications. This development involves consideration of new analytical techniques to evaluate and improve dummy biofidelity. The WorldSID and THOR dummy families are in final development, while other new dummies such as BioRID and advanced child dummies are being considered for widespread use. The application of these new dummies is preceded by assessments for biofidelity, durability, repeatability, and reproducibility of the respective dummies and often occasions consideration of the use of novel/new designs and of new materials. Finally, mathematical models of dummies continue to improve. Technical papers are invited to discuss new dummies and improvements to existing dummies, as well as related instrumentation and analytical techniques that are under development to address future safety needs for vehicle design, testing, and restraint system development.

TRACK B: Restraint System Design and Performance Challenges: Addressing the Needs of Diverse Populations (Age, Gender, Stature)

Chair: Riske Meijer, Netherlands
Co-Chair: Lotta Jakobsson, Sweden
Room: Philips Hall

Vehicle restraints in frontal crashes are only slightly more than 50 percent effective in preventing fatalities. Occupant protection can be improved through the development of advanced restraint systems that can consider occupant characteristics such as age, gender, size, and posture, as well as the anticipated crash characteristics. There are also concerns regarding restraint design for future vehicles that may be smaller and/or lower in mass to improve fuel efficiency. The aging population will be an increasing consideration when it comes to restraint design. Adaptive protection systems will be needed to optimally protect an increasingly vulnerable occupant population. The safety for rear seating positions has not had the same improvement as the front seats. These issues are receiving the attention of safety researchers world-wide. Papers are invited on research related to safety performance for new vehicle and restraint designs, especially as they pertain to older occupants, small females, and heavier populations.

TRACK C: Crash Avoidance: Human-Machine Interface Design and Driver Monitoring Technologies in Vehicles

Chair: Peter Burns, Canada
Co-Chair: Dr Chris Monk, United States
Room: Dome

The success of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and automation driving systems (ADS) will depend on the quality of the human-machine interface (HMI), and potentially the system's ability to monitor the driver's level of attention. There has been extensive work on HMIs for ADAS systems, including auditory alerts, haptic alerts, visual alerts and many combinations of those three. Driver monitoring capabilities would enable adjustments to warning parameters when drivers are identified as being disengaged, distracted, drowsy, or otherwise impaired. In addition, driving automation systems could take advantage of "knowing" the driver's state in terms of transition of control back to the driver. The development of monitoring technology is important, as are the development of human factors principles and evaluation methods for their application to the various levels of driving automation. Papers are invited on research related to the driver-vehicle interface for crash avoidance systems, driver monitoring technology, driver behaviour and engagement patterns, fatigue drowsiness, distraction, and other impairments, and how they relate to driving automation systems.

Lunch speaker

Providing an International Perspective on Advanced Vehicle Technology Deployment

TRACK A: Student Safety Technology Design Competition, Finalist Oral Presentations

Competition Coordinator: Art Carter, United States & Bernd Lorenz, Germany
Room: Neptune


TRACK B: Consumer-Focused Approaches in Vehicle Safety to Drive the Automotive Market on a Global Scale

Chair: Andre Seeck, Germany
Co-Chair: Michiel van Ratingen, Netherlands
Room: Dome

In recent years, consumer information programs have become widely accepted in the U.S., Europe, Japan, Australia, Korea, China, Latin America, and other countries for providing vehicle safety ratings and information about driver assistance technologies. The motor vehicle industry continues to improve the safety performance of vehicles as it strives to receive the highest safety marks possible. In addition to assessing occupant crash safety, programs are now giving credit for advanced crash avoidance systems and considering various approaches for evaluation of other future-looking vehicle technologies. While assessment strategy varies from region to region, the programs all strive for similar outcomes-safer vehicles. Papers are invited to discuss test conditions, performance measures, presentation and dissemination of results, public acceptance, and integration of active and passive safety ratings.

TRACK C: Crash Avoidance: Electronics Systems Safety, Cybersecurity and Consumer Privacy

Chair: Andre Smulders, Netherlands
Co-Chair: Tetsuya Niikuni, Japan
Room: Philips Hall

For decades, motor vehicles continually evolved to become some of the most complex and computerized consumer products. Recent and continuing advances in automotive technology in sensing, communications, and computing are enabling further capabilities such as vehicle automation. Along with these capabilities come challenges associated with electronics reliability, product cybersecurity and consumer privacy. This session invites papers that describe cutting edge research related to addressing key challenges for the expanded use of electronics, vehicle software and connectivity in vehicles, including: risk-based approaches to addressing cybersecurity challenges throughout the vehicle life cycle; application of the NIST cybersecurity framework; emerging cyber-resilient design concepts; hazard analysis approaches; fail-safe and fail-operational concepts; sensor and system redundancy considerations; infrastructure expectations in support of automation availability and connectivity; on-board data collection, access, data ownership, and privacy considerations.

DAF Museum

A unique place for a dinner: DAF Museum. DAF's history goes back to 1928, when the brothers Hub and Wim van Doorne laid the foundations for what has now become DAF Trucks. What started as a small engineering business and blacksmith workshop, developed into the fastest-growing truck manufacturing business in Europe. A tour of the DAF Museum will take visitors from one surprise to the next. The inventiveness that has been characteristic for DAF vehicles from 1928 till the present day.

Thursday 13 June 2019

08:00 - 08:30 : Networking & Coffee

TRACK A: Adapting Safety Evaluation Approaches for Vehicles with Automated Driving Systems

Chair: Jim Hand, United Kingdom
Co-Chair: Nicole van Nes, Netherlands
Room: Philips Hall

Existing vehicle safety regulations, test procedures, and performance requirements were all developed to apply to vehicles with manual driving controls present. The development of Automated Driving Systems (ADS) enables vehicle designs without driving controls and necessitates reconsideration of existing regulations, test procedures and performance requirements. A vehicle with an ADS might be designed without user interfaces, such as braking, acceleration, steering, or transmission gear selection. Test procedures that presume an occupant near driving controls may need to be considered. The presence of vehicles without occupants needs to be considered for the future roadway environment and infrastructure. This session invites papers that discuss how regulations, test procedures, and performance measures could be adapted to encompass the vehicles with ADS designs under consideration.

TRACK B: Automated and Integrated Crash Safety

Chair: Jac Wismans, Netherlands
Co-Chair: Marcus Wisch, Germany
Room: Dome

This session seeks papers regarding research on new safety systems that can anticipate and react to potentially hazardous situations across the entire crash spectrum. These systems integrate sensor data from advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and in the future from driving automation systems and use this awareness to optimize occupant safety for a wide variety of vehicle configurations. New advanced technology vehicles are aware of the environment around and within the vehicle and can inform/adjust and/or intervene with other systems in the vehicle. Vehicle designs that include ADSs anticipate new occupant compartment seating configurations and seating postures. A fusion of sensor input can optimise vehicle response, change occupant posture and restraint performance as needed to enhance occupant safety. Post-crash telematics could inform first responders of specific vehicle and occupant factors that would assist in triage and level of response. Papers are sought to describe systems under development, opportunities for sensor fusion, system readiness, cost, reliability, performance, and post-crash response.

TRACK C: Assessment of New and Improved Field Data Collection, Analysis, and Benefits Assessment Methods

Chair: Chip Chidester, United States
Co-Chair: Rob Eenink, Netherlands
Room: Neptune

Use of crash data helps to stimulate all aspects of vehicle safety from research to policy to regulation. These data also play a leading role in the development of crash prevention and crash protection countermeasures. However, due to the increase in crash avoidance technologies, the collection and analysis of these technologies needs to evolve to understand the real-world performance and to quantify the benefits and limitations of these technologies. Data collected on event data recorders (EDRs), other data loggers, or over-the-air for close calls or near miss crash events will be needed. Also, several naturalistic studies and testing of Automated Driving Systems (ADSs) are in progress in various regions of the world that will provide additional insight into how crashes occur, providing additional information on prevention. Worldwide, data collection programs in Asia, Europe, Australia, and the U.S, are being used more to drive research and policy decisions. This session invites papers aimed at a discussion of future data collection and analysis methods. Papers related to such topics as EDRs, naturalistic driving data on human-vehicle performance, crash avoidance technologies and all levels of vehicle automation, and crash reconstruction are welcome in this session. Also, papers on analytical methods for estimating potential benefits of safety technologies, evaluation methods of video data, universal descriptions of crash causal factors and resulting crash types, and other related topics are welcome in this session.

12:30 - 13:00 : Plenary Closing Session

13:00 - 14:00 : Lunch

Field Trip A: TNO/TASS - Simulation as tool for real-world high-risk traffic situations

Simulation has been used for development of vehicles for many years. Future automated technology leans heavily on the results of these simulations. In order to make those simulations useful, new methods are necessary to feed real-world relevant simulation cases into virtual environments for testing vehicle(models). TNO develops and operates different tools that separately or combined offer unique possibilities for these purposes. The technical visit provides a demonstration of the TNO facilities, vehicles, tools and insight into recent results of projects related to applications and methodologies for Connected and Automated Driving (C-AD).

Field Trip B: TU Delft - Human Behavior and the effects on safety

Human behavior is of increasing importance for safety on the roads. Both behavior of the driver and behavior of others around the vehicles are subject of research at the Delft University of Technology. With three different topics leading Prof. Bart van Arem and his staff will give insight in human behavior research projects. The aim is to provide you with useful knowledge for future safety considerations in policy, development and other areas.
The trip contains amongst others demonstration of different simulators for human behavior.

Additional info: Delft is an ancient Dutch merchant city dating back to 700 a.C. The old inner city is a lively place to spend the evening. There is a 35 minute train connection to Amsterdam Schiphol International Airport (AMS). You might want to spend the night in a hotel in Delft before continuing to the airport.

Field Trip C: VDL ETS - New Fuel, new hazards?

Initiated by the desire for more sustainable transport, the internal combustion engine is getting serious competition from alternative powertrain concepts. Electric powertrains are the best alternative in the near future.
The new Enabling Transport Solutions (ETS) department at VDL in Valkenswaard develops heavy duty e-mobility solutions for public transport bus solutions and e-trucks with high power battery charging and hydrogen fuel-cell technology. The scheduled trips of public transport bus operators and transport companies offer good possibilities to balance energy capacity and charging power.
The excursion includes a visit to the company and an explanation and demonstration of the above-mentioned technologies.

VDL ETS is part of VDL Groep, an international industrial family business headquartered in Eindhoven, the Netherlands, with 101 companies operating in 20 countries, with more than 17.000 employees. The VDL companies break down into four divisions: Subcontracting, Car Assembly, Buses and Coaches and Finished products.

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